Blockchain disrupted the tech industry with the introduction of Bitcoin, the world’s first cryptocurrency. Since then, there has been a flood of cryptos. Blockchain, however, isn’t limited to powering cryptocurrencies only.
There are numerous applications of blockchain, varying from voting and real estate to securing personal and IoT networks. According to Techjury, the blockchain market will be worth $20 billion by 2024. Moreover, by 2025, the total expenditure on blockchain integration into healthcare alone would be $5.6 billion.
As such, more and more businesses are jumping on the blockchain development bandwagon. Blockchain is a rapidly growing and evolving field of technology that has the potential to revolutionise the world.
So, if you’re looking ahead to blockchain development, you need to know the best options that you have, i.e., the best blockchain programming languages for app development.
Before we dive head into top blockchain programming languages for app development, let’s know a little more about blockchain programming and the reasons to opt for blockchain programming.
Blockchain programming pertains to the craft of creating and maintaining blockchain applications using programming languages. Both new and older programming languages can be used to build blockchain-powered solutions.
C++, Solidity, and Python are some of the leading choices for blockchain programming. Nonetheless, there are a galore of other options available too.
Blockchain programming is required for the development of cryptocurrencies, NFTs, smart contracts, DeFi systems, and so on. Today, blockchain programming is one of the rapidly growing fields of IT.
Opinions might vary, but there are many compelling reasons to convince you into starting an endeavour in blockchain development. Let’s discuss some of the best reasons to pick blockchain programming.
Blockchain is not a fad. Instead, it is a revolutionary technology that is here to stay. Blockchain has the potential to revolutionise various walks of life. Cryptocurrency is just one of the many applications that blockchain technology can be put into use.
Another important reason for leveraging blockchain programming is the high level of security that it provides to the financial transactions involved. Reduced compliance costs and faster data transfers are two more desirable reasons to choose blockchain development.
At present, there are many programming languages that can be used for developing blockchain applications. Each one of them has its distinct advantages and issues to go through.
Here is the list of our pick of the best 7 programming languages for blockchain development in 2023 and beyond:
Let’s go through each one of these blockchain programming languages to know about their strengths, issues, and features:
Initial Release – 2014 (Proposition), March 2018 (Stable release)
Developer – Ethereum project’s Solidity team
Unlike most programming languages on this list, Solidity is developed specifically for blockchain programming. It was proposed by Gavin James Wood, a computer scientist who co-founded Ethereum and created Polkadot and Kusama – in 2014.
In fact, the entire Ethereum ecosystem is developed using Solidity. Ethereum smart contracts are also written in it. Solidity is a statically-typed programming language that runs on EVM (Ethereum Virtual Machine).
Considered to be the best programming language, at present, for smart contracts development, Solidity takes cues from C++, Java, and Python, all of which are among the leading programming languages. It also has some notable features of PowerShell.
Initial Release – 1985
Developer – Bjarne Stroustrup (original), ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 22/WG 21
Developed as a successor to the C programming language, C++ brought object-oriented programming to the mainstream. In fact, it has been a huge influence on the development of OOPS-based Java. The major features for preferring C++ for developing blockchain apps are:
The high-level general-purpose programming language is suitable for many utilities, including blockchain development. It powers the original cryptocurrency, i.e. Bitcoin, and many leading cryptos like Ripple and Stellar.
C++ is considered among the best options for blockchain development because it allows devs to mould data to their specifications.
Initial Release – 1991
Developer – Guido van Rossum (original), Python Software Foundation (current)
Python is an object-oriented general-purpose programming language that is most suitable for data science and statistical computing. It is also a great choice for developing blockchain and DeFi applications.
Due to its pseudo-English syntax, it is one of the best programming languages to start learning to program. It can even be a great option to begin with blockchain programming. PyQt5 and Python Tk are two of the most popular options for blockchain development GUIs. Both are developed in Python.
Initial Release – 1995
Developer – James Gosling (original), Sun Microsystems (current)
Renowned for its portability and object-oriented programming features, Java is another popular programming language that also finds use in developing blockchain applications.
One of the major reasons for Java being a suitable option for blockchain development is its huge API library. Like C++, Java powers Ethereum. Additionally, it provides kick to other leading crypto frameworks like Hyperledger Fabric, IOTA, and NEO.
Java is a class-based OOPS programming language that leverages the concept of JVM, which imparts the programming language with a high degree of portability.
Initial Release – November 2009
Developer – Ken Thompson, Rob Pike, and Robert Griesemer (original), The Go Authors (present)
Google developed Go in order to produce a better version of C. For doing so, Go pairs the syntactic simplicity and user-friendliness of modern programming languages like Python and JS with the performance and security of the C programming language.
It is a compiled and statically typed programming language. Thanks to its non-rigid typing discipline, Go is an ideal programming language for beginners in programming and blockchain development. Go-Ethereum, The Loom Network, and Hyperledger Fabric are three of the major use cases of Go.
Being statically typed makes Go an excellent option for developing fast web applications. Moreover, it is an excellent programming language to achieve concurrency. For doing so, it features goroutines. Furthermore, Go provides garbage collection and is ideal for developers looking to finish a task at the earliest possible.
Initial Release – 2017
Developer – Russell O’Connor
The purpose of this programming language is in its name. Designed with simplicity in mind, it is developed to be an alternative to Bitcoin script.
It aims to provide trust-reduced future payments, advanced smart contracts development, and other features to the users of Liquid Network. It decreases low-level understanding of cryptocurrencies. Simplicity is meant to work in line with the Elements platform.
Download our ebook to know how to get started with blockchain app development.
Initial Release – 2017
Developer – Will Bond
Rholang is a new programming language for blockchain app development. It is intended to have a simple syntax. Unlike most other blockchain programming languages that use object-oriented or structured programming, it follows the functional programming paradigm.
The blockchain programming language runs on RChain, which is a layer 1 blockchain platform designed for decentralisation, economics, on-chain data, and the scaling needs of Web 3.0.
The following table provides a quick comparison between the programming languages we discussed above:
Blockchain programming is a mushrooming trend that is going to go big in the near future. Hence, your business needs to be blockchain-ready.
Blockchain development is relatively new compared to web development and app development. Hence, it will increase by leaps and bounds until it hits saturation, which will take some years. So starting early with this new-age technology is an excellent idea.
Q 1. What is blockchain programming?
Blockchain programming is the use of programming language to develop blockchain-based applications, platforms, and systems. DeFi, smart contracts, NFT, and cryptocurrency come under blockchain programming.
Q 2. How difficult is coding in blockchain?
Compared to traditional coding, blockchain coding is difficult. In addition to a robust knowledge of programming, it demands high-level technical expertise.
Q 3. Which programming language is best for blockchain?
There is no single programming language that can overcome all challenges of blockchain development. However, C++ and Solidity are the most viable options to develop blockchain-based applications with minimum issues.
Q 4. What is the scope of blockchain development?
Although there is a wide scope of blockchain development, it is primarily used in cybersecurity. That’s because blockchain leverages cryptography for encrypting data. This removes security issues like illicit data tampering.
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